Hair Loss

Discover more about alopecia or hair loss and what are board-certified dermatologists can do to help treat it.

Everyone loses hair. It is normal to lose about 50-100 hairs every day. If you see bald patches or lots of thinning, you may be experiencing hair loss. The medical term for this condition is alopecia. 

Causes

There are many causes of hair loss. Women may notice hair loss after giving birth. People under a lot of stress can see noticeable hair loss. Some diseases and medical treatments can cause hair loss. 

The most common cause of hair loss is hereditary hair loss. About 80 million men and women in the United States have this type of hair loss. Other names of this type of hair loss include Male-pattern baldness, Female-pattern baldness, or Androgenic alopecia.

Alopecia areata is a prevalent autoimmune skin disease resulting in the loss of hair on the scalp and elsewhere on the body. Alopecia areata occurs in males and females of all ages, but onset often occurs in childhood. Over 6.6 million people in the United States and 147 million worldwide have or will develop alopecia areata at some point in their lives.

Cicatricial alopecia is a rare disease which destroys a person’s hair follicles. Scar tissue forms where the follicles once were, so the hair cannot re-grow.

Central centrifugal cicatricial (scarring) alopecia primarily affects women of African descent. It begins in the center of the scalp and radiates out from the center of the scalp as it progresses. The affected scalp becomes smooth and shiny. The hair loss can be very slow or rapid.

There are many risk factors that can contribute to or cause hair loss, including:

  • Underlying medical conditions
  • Illness
  • Certain cancer treatments
  • Ringworm
  • Trichotillomania, which causes people to pull out their own hair
  • Hormonal changes
  • Stress
  • Weight Loss
  • Vitamin A deficiency
  • Protein or Iron deficiency
  • Eating Disorders
  • Inadequate hair care and certain hair styles

Symptoms

Hair loss may cause gradual thinning, bald patches, or complete baldness. It varies from person to person, and condition.

Treatment

Once your dermatologist determines what is causing your hair loss, there are many effective options for treatment.

Some options include:

  • Medications
  • Laser Hair Rejuvenation
  • Surgical Procedures
  • Hair Transplant
  • Steroid Injections

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